Histology: Blood Vessels

Large Blood Vessels

Both the Aorta and Vena Cava have three layers. Tunicae intima, media, and adventitia.

Aorta

The Aorta is classified under elastic arteries (conducting arteries). They have (40-70) fenestrated membranes (Concentric layers of elastic membranes) at the tunica media, with smooth muscle cells interspersed between the membranes. Tunica Adventitia consists of thin layer of fibroelastic connective tissue.

Micro-photograph of Aorta under light microscope magnification 4x

Micro-photograph of Aorta under light microscope magnification 4x

Micro-photograph of Aorta under light microscope magnification 10x

Micro-photograph of Aorta under light microscope magnification 40x




Vena Cava

The Vena Cava is classified under Large veins. The muscular and elastic layers are not as well developed as compared with Aorta, and the connective tissue components in Vena Cava more pronounced. The Tunica Media consists of connective tissue and smooth muscle cells. Tunica Adventitia have smooth muscle cells oriented in longitudinal bundles, and consists of collagen layers with fibroblasts.

Micro-photograph of Vena Cava under light microscope magnification 4x

Micro-photograph of Vena Cava under light microscope magnification 10x

Micro-photograph of Vena Cava under light microscope magnification 40x

Adapted from: http://myaimst.net/mbbsb12/photo/histo/yr1histo/vessel.html
Micro-photograph taken at AIMST University Anatomy Dissection Hall during Histology class, using Canon A40 camera over light microscope.


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